ESTATES, PLANTATIONS & PENS
with a
GREAT HOUSE
in Trelawny prior to Emancipation

PROPERTY NAME ORIG. OWNER NOTES
ACTON Joel Saville Acton is located just south of Perth Town, on the north side of the road to Duanvale.
The Jamaica Almanac of 1840 lists the acreage as 468 and the owner as Anne Montague.
ARCADIA PEN Hon. William Barrett (1733-1787) First Custos of Trelawny; buried in Barnstaple Estate
BARNSTAPLE Hon. William Barrett (1733-1787) The Jamaica Almanac of 1840 lists the acreage as 985 and the owner as Davis Lyon who also owned Holland
BARRON HALL James Easson The Jamaica Almanac of 1840 gives the acreage as 655
BELMONT James Virgo (17471790) The Jamaica Almanac of 1840 lists the acreage as 854 and the owner as heirs of Rebecca. C. G. Virgo.
BERKSHIRE Richard Brissett Also owned Hampshire. Was in charge of the newly formed Trelawny parish in 1771/2 until the vestry was elected. He was the first member of the House of Assembly for Trelawny
BIDDIFORD Hugh Barnett Also owned Hopewell and Sportsman's Hall
BLACK GARDEN Henry Cuniffe Custos, Founder of the town of Martha Brae.
Also owned Garredu, Holland, Merrywood and Nottingham.
BOUNTY HALL John Simpson
who also had an interest in Chester and Tilston
This was the place where runaway slaves were returned to the British by the Maroons
BRACO Dr Charles Gordon Also owned 450acres at Williamsfield.
BRAMPTON Bryan Edwards
BRYAN CASTLE Bryan Edwards
BUNKERS HILL, formerly STUDELY PARK Thomas Reid "Bunkers Hill" was a battle between the Americans and the British in 1775. Whoever renamed the Estate must have been making a political point!
The Reid family eventually owned six estates in the Parish, including Bunkers Hill, Friendship, Wakefield and Long Pond. The first three are neighbours.
CAMBRIDGE Edward Barrett Founder of Falmouth Town; his brother owned Oxford
CARRICK FOYLE Phillip O'Connor Carrick, Foyle and O'Connor are all Irish names.
CHESHIRE Jane Spragge (1773)
CHESTER John Simpson (who owned Bounty Hall and Tilston), for Dunn and Kenyon Still owned by Dunn& Kenyon in 1840, 1066 acres
CLERMONT Dr Vincent McDonald The Jamaica Almanac of 1840 lists the acreage as 423 and the owner as heirs of Charles Reynolds.
CLIFTON John Stogden
COLCHIS PEN Samuel Graves 996 acres.
Colchis was the setting for Jason and the Argonauts' quest for the fabled Golden Fleece (~1300BC). Colchis is in present-day Georgia.
CONTENT Owned by the Stirling family, who also owned Hampden together with Frontier and Keir estates in St James. They may also have owned Friendship (1744-1804)
COVEY Hon. John Tharp (1744-1804) Custos
DEFIANCE Thomas Buchanan
DROMILLY Patrick Hanlon (sp?)
DRY VALLEY Robert Minto 562 acres. The adjacent estate is called Water Valley, also owned by Minto
DUANVALE James Campbell, who also owned neighbouring Spotfield (later Kinloss) and, possibly, the area west of Kinloss still known as Campbells
DUNDEE James Stothart (??-1800)
ETINGTON Henry Shirley Henry Shirley also owned Glamorgan and Hyde Hall.
FLAMSTEAD Thomas Partridge There are at least three other Flamsteads in Jamaica.
FLORENCE HALL Brady & Barnett
FONTABELLE William Rhodes James (junior) Also owned Southfield
FOREST Mrs White
FRIENDSHIP (Reid's) George Reid & sisters The Reid family eventually owned six estates in the Parish, including Bunkers Hill, Friendship, Wakefield and Long Pond. The first three are neighbours.
FRIENDSHIP (Fowler's) William Stirling alias Beau Sterling. Subsequently been owned by James Fowler who owned Grange and Lottery.
GALES VALLEY William Gale Also owned York (total area of both estates was 3147 acres)
GARREDU Henry Cuniffe Also owned Black Garden, Holland, Merrywood and Nottingham.
GEORGE'S VALLEY George Robinson Hamilton The Jamaica Almanac of 1840 lists the acreage as 1577 and the owner as heirs of William Mitchell.
GEORGIA Thomas Gordon 1389 acres
GIBRALTAR John Woulfe
GOLDEN GROVE, formerly TERN'S or TERN SPRING John Jarrett Also owned Silver Grove and Kent.
GOOD HOPE Hon. John Tharp (1744-1804). Buried at Good Hope
GLAMORGAN The Jamaica Almanac of 1840 lists the owner as Henry Shirley who also owned Etingdon and Hyde Hall
GRANGE John Fowler By 1840 James Fowler owned this estate plus Lottery and Friendship.
GRAVESEND John Grave The sinister-sounding name's origins are clear! 96 acres and owned by James Graves according to the 1840 J Almanac.
GREENFIELD Jarvis Gallimore (1741-1795) Was killed by the Maroons in 2nd Maroon War
GREEN PARK,formerly Green Pond William Atherton (1742-1803)
GREENSIDE Robert McGhie
GREEN VALE, formerly called PURGATORY William Albert
HACTON Herbert N. Jarrett, 436 acres. Jarrett also owned Orange Valley. Hacton is located on the east side of the Wakefield to Deeside road.
HAGUE John Hodges Now the site for the annual Hague Agricultural Show
HAMPSHIRE Richard Brissett Also owned Berkshire.
HAMPSTEAD Jane Stone Jane Stone was the slave-wife of Jonathan Barnett. She also owned Retreat
HARMONY HALL John James
HAWKERTON PLANTATION William Guthrie
HOLLAND Henry Cuniffe Was responsable for creating Lyttelton, later Martha Brae, village out of the eastern end of Holland.
Also owned Black Garden, Garredu, Merrywood, and Nottingham.
HOPEWELL Hugh Barnett Also owned Biddiford and Sportsman's Hall
HYDE Edward Clarke The Hyde and Gibraltar properties were acquired by the government in the late 1940's under the Land Settlement Scheme
HYDE HALL Cossley Hall
IRVING TOWER James Irving 900 acres in 1840. Presently owned by Mr Keith Russell
JOCK'S LODGE Adam Cathill The Jamaica Almanac of 1840 lists the acreage as 519 and the owner as James Minto, who also owned Dry- and Water Valleys
JOHNSTON ESTATE John Watt
KENT John Jarrett 1008 acres
Also owned Golden Grove and Silver Grove.
KINLOSS, formerly SPOTFIELD John Campbell
. A Campbell also owned nearby Duanvale and, possibly, the area east of Kinloss still known as Campbells
The Jamaica Almanac of 1840 lists this estate with 1499 acres and the owner as George Scott.
LANCASTER Thomas P. Thompson 1257 acres. Thompson also owned Mario Bueno and Vale Royal.
LANSQUINET, formerly KEITH HALL Hon. John Tharp Transferred to to John Tharp of Hanover on 11 May, 1769 by Thomas Williams and Sarah his wife
LINTON PARK Joseph Linton 2428 acres
LONG POND Richard Haughton Reid Originally patented to William Reid in 1709. The Reid family (Cols John and Thomas) and sons and daughters eventually owned six estates in the parish, including Bunkers Hill, Friendship, Wakefield and Long Pond. The first three are neighbours..
LOTTERY John Woulfe The J. Almanac of 1840 listsJames Fowler, who also owned Grange and Friendship.
LYSWORNY James Dyer (??-24/4/1779)
MANCHESTER James Cunningham
MARIO BUENO Thomas P. Thompson Also owned Lancaster
MAXIFIELD Dr William Mc'Donald A man of colour
MERRYWOOD Henry Cuniffe of Killtolla, Galway. Merrywood is mentioned in the 1862 Stocklist for Windsor.
Also owned Black Garden, Garredu , Holland and Nottingham.
NIGHTINGALE GROVE Robert Wilton
NOTTINGHAM Henry Cuniffe
ORANGE GROVE John Stogden
ORANGE VALLEY Herbert Newton Jarrett 2338 acres. Jarrett also owned Hacton.
Presently owned by Mr Alec Henderson
OXFORD George Barrett His brother owned Cambridge
PANTREPANT Henry Strudwick (??-1760); by 1776 in hands of Hall, aatorney of St Andrews Presently owned by Mr Chris Blackwell
PEMBROKE John Blagrove
PERU James Scarlett 1550 acres
PHOENIX James Hardyman
POTOSI Wedderburn and Lyon Potosi was a fabled silver mine in Bolivia
RESERVE Alexander McLachlan & Lacy Stewart
RETREAT Jane Stone Also owned Hampstead
ROSLIN CASTLE, formerly SHAW CASTLE Henry M. Wisdon
SCHAWFIELD (Was this originally SHAWFIELD?) Samuel & Charles Shaw (or Schaw?) There may be a mis-spelling here: the estate was spelled "Shawfield" on the notes I saw and this correspnds to the owners name. But it is definitely SCHAW... on today's maps.
SILVER GROVE John Jarrett Also owned Golden Grove and Kent
SOUTHFIELD William Rhodes James (1755-1795); W.R. James (junior) owned Fontabelle Also owned Fontabelle
SPORTSMAN'S HALL Hugh Barnett Also owned Biddiford and Hopewell
SPOTFIELD, at least part of which is now known as KINLOSS John Campbell
who also owned nearby Duanvale and, possibly, the area east of Kinloss still known as Campbells
The Jamaica Almanac of 1840 lists this estate with 1499 acres and the owner as George Scott.
SPRING Edward Knowles This gave its name to Spring Hill (on main road between Duncans and Falmouth).
The Jamaica Almanac of 1840 lists a Spring Hill with 25 acres and owned by John Russell.
STEELFIELD Dr Thomas Steel The Jamaica Almanac of 1840 lists the acreage as 1177 and the owner as James S. Lawson.
STEWART CASTLE James Stewart His son founded Stewart Town
STEWARTON The Jamaica Almanac of 1840 lists this estate with1371 acres and the owner as R. W. & S Mitchell,
STONEHENGE Rev. Joseph Stoney Well, he couldn't call it "Stoney Ground", could he?
SWANSWICK G. M. Clarke
TILSTON John Simpson, who also owned Bounty Hall and had an interest in Chester. 2197 acres
TYRE The Jamaica Almanac of 1840 lists John McLimont, as owning 2350 acres at TYRE
ULSTER SPRING William Frater (1781-1839) 1550 acres
UNITY William Stevenson Sold to John Tharpe in 1778 but the Jamaica Almanac of 1840 lists Edmund Francis Green as owning1863acres at Unity
VALE ROYAL, formerly WALKY WALKY Charles Graves The Jamaica Almanac of 1840 lists this estate with 612 acres and the owner as heirs of Thos, P Thompson.
WAKEFIELD John Reid The Reid family eventually owned six estates in the Parish, including Bunkers Hill, Friendship, Wakefield and Long Pond. The first three are neighbours.
WALES John Tharp Presently owned by the Muschett family
WATER VALLEY William Virgo 1526 acres. The adjacent estate is called "Dry Valley" and by 1840 the Jamaica Almanac lists the owner of both as James Minto: he also owned Jocks Lodge
WESTON FAVEL Catherine Harding
WINDSOR Joseph Hardy Presently owned by Michael Schwartz
YORK William Gale Also owned Gale's Valley

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