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BUTTERFLY CHECKLIST
Order Lepidoptera
Superfamily Papilionoidea

Parrot

Butterflies (and moths) belong to the order Lepidoptera. This name comes from the Greek lepis = 'scale' + pteron = 'wing' . The beautiful and diverse wing patterns of the approx. 180,000 species of Lepidoptera described so far from around the World arise from all these tiny scales!

Click here to view more of Linden Grenhill's amazing micro-photographs.

The earliest moths starting evolving some 215 million years ago (MYA). Butterflies are comparative 'youngsters' as they started to diverge from moths a mere 100 MYA and have since been evolving to form the 7 families that we know and love today. The spectacular diversification of Lepidoptera tracks to the rise and diversification of flowering plants.

Click on any of the boxes to see an example from each family.
All families occur on Jamaica except for Riodinidae ('Metalmark' butterflies). evolutionary chart
Phylogeny follows Wahlberg et al. 2013, where DNA analyses revealed that skippers (Hersperiidae; with hooked antennae) and moth-like butterflies (Hedylidae; no club or hook on end of antennae) should be included in the superfamily of Papilionoidea.

Did You Know:
  • The largest and the smallest butterflies in the New World occur in Jamaica: they are the Homerus (Giant) Swallowtail (Pterourus homerus; wingspan = up-to 8 inches [200mm]) and the Pygmy Blue (Brephidium exilis; wingspan = 1/2 inch [12mm]).
  • CHECKLIST
    We used Brown & Heineman (1972) and Riley (1975) as our foundation references and check the web periodically for new species and taxonomic updates.   In our species tallies, we include records which Brown & Heineman considered to be highly suspect:  we highlight these likely spurious / erroneous records in the checklist for archiving purposes.

    To see photos of specimens, visit butterfliesofamerica.com, an incredible on-line resource!

    Stay tuned for updates to our photo pages. For now, click on the few links to our old webpages in the checklist.

    Please let us know if you know of any updates.

    Last updated 14 August 2016.

    No. butterfly species described for Jamaica
    (# after questionnable records removed)
    No. endemic species No. endemic subspecies No. of Jamaican endemics
    in Cockpit Country
    No. endemic
    to Cockpit Country
    135 (123) 35 22 28 3


    COMMON NAME SCIENTIFIC NAME SPECIES RANGE SUB-SPECIES & RANGE SPECIES OCCURS IN
    COCKPIT COUNTRY
    Papilionidae - Swallowtails
          Papilioninae
    Jamaican (Blue) Kite Protographium marcellinus
    (Doubleday 1845)
    Jamaica
    Yes
    Polydamas Swallowtail Battus polydamas
    (Linnaeus 1758)
    Southern US to Argentina Battus polydamas jamaicensis Rothschild and Jordan 1906; Jamaica
    Yes
    Caribbean Swallowtail Heraclides pelaus
    (Fabricius 1775)
    Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola, Puerto Rico Heraclides pelaus pelaus (Fabricius 1775):
    Jamaica
    Yes
    Thersites Swallowtail Heraclides thersites
    (Fabricius 1775)
    Jamaica
    Yes
    Jamaican Swallowtail Heraclides melonius
    (Rothschild and Jordan 1906)
    Jamaica
    Yes
    Bahaman Swallowtail Heraclides andraemon
    (Hübner 1823)
    Greater Antilles; Introduced into Jamaica, now a citrus pest.
    Yes
    Lime (Checkered) Swallowtail Papilio demoleus
    (Linnaeus 1758)
    Old World; Invasive Alien Species in the Caribbean and Central America; reported in Jamaica (Lewis 2009, 2010)
    Homerus (Giant) Swallowtail Pterourus homerus
    (Fabricius 1793)
    Jamaica
    Yes
    Pieridae - Whites and Sulphurs
          Piernae
    Giant White Ganyra josephina
    (Godart 1819)
    West Indies Ganyra josephina paramaryllis Comstock 1943:
    Jamaica
    Yes
    Great Southern White Ascia monuste
    (Linnaeus 1764)
    Southern US to Argentina Ascia monuste evonima (Boisduval 1836):
    Bahamas and Greater Antilles
    Yes
    Florida White Appias drusilla
    (Cramer 1777)
    Florida to southern Brazil Appis drusilla castalia Fabricius 1793:
    Jamaica
    Yes
          Coliadinae
    Cramer's Little Sulphur Eurema nise
    (Cramer 1775: TL=Jamaica)
    Southern US to Argentina Eurema nise nise (Cramer 1775):
    Jamaica
    Yes
    Barred Sulphur Eurema daira
    (Godart 1819)
    Southern US to Brazil Eurema daira palmira Poey 1852:
    Greater Antilles to Grenada and Barbados
    Yes
    False Barred Sulphur Eurema elathea
    (Cramer 1775)
    North and Central America :
    Yes
    Little Sulphur Eurema lisa
    (Boisduval and Leconte 1829)
    Eastern US to Costa Rica Eurema lisa euterpe (Ménétriés 1832):
    Greater Antilles to Barbados
    Yes
    Fabricius' White Small Sulphur Eurema messalina
    (Fabricius 1787)
    Bahamas, Cuba, Cayman Islands, Jamaica Yes
    Bush Sulphur Eurema dina
    (Poey 1833)
    Mexico to Panama Eurema dina parvumbra Kaye 1926:
    Jamaica
    Yes
    Adams' Sulphur Eurema adamsi
    (Lathy 1898)
    Jamaica
    Yes
    Jamaican Orange Eurema proterpia
    (Fabricius 1775)
    Texas to Peru
    Sleepy Orange Eurema nicippe
    (Cramer 1779)
    Eastern US to Costa Rica and Caribbean
    Yes
    Dainty Sulphur Nathalis iole
    Boisduval 1836
    Central and southern US to Colombia
    Yes
    Guayacán Sulphur Kricogonia lyside
    (Godart 1819)
    Southern US to Venezuela
    Castalia Sulphur Kriconia castalia
    (Fabricius 1793)
    NOTE: Arguments go back-and-forth as to whether K. castalia is a morph of K. lyside or a unique species, as Brown & Heinmenan maintained. We keep them separated to draw attention to the discussion.
    Yes
    Giant Brimstone Anteos maerula
    (Fabricius 1775)
    Southern US to Peru
    Yes
    Ghost Brimstone Anteos clorinde
    (Godart 1824)
    Northern US to Argentina Anteos clorinde nivifera Fruhstorfer 1908:
    Cuba, Jamaica (taken once [Riley 1975])
    Orange-barred Sulphur Phoebis philea
    (Johansson 1763)
    Southern US to Brazil, Phoebis philea philea (Johnasson 1763):
    Cuba, Hispaniola, Puerto Rico; one record for Jamaica which has been questioned (Brown & Heineman 1972)
    Apricot Sulphur Phoebis argante
    (Fabricius 1775)
    Mexico to Paraguay and West Indies Phoebis argante comstocki Avinoff 1944:
    Jamaica
    Cloudless Orange Phoebis agarithe
    (Boisduval 1836)
    Sothern US to Peru Phoebis agarithe antillia Brown 1929:
    West Indies
    Cloudless Sulphur Phoebis sennae
    (Linnaeus 1758; TL=Jamaica)
    Southern US to Argentina
    Yes
    Hartonia Aphrissa hartonia
    Butler 1870
    Jamaica: Cockpit Country
    Yes
    Aphrissa Sulphur Aphrissa statira
    (Cramer 1777)
    Southern US to Argentina Aphrissa statira cubana d'Almeida 1939:
    Cuba, Cayman Islands, Jamaica
    Yes
    Lycaenidae - Blues and Hairstreaks
          Theclinae
    Bourke's Hairstreak Rekoa bourkei
    Kaye 1925
    Jamaica, Dominican Republic, and Trinidad
    Dallas Mountain Greenstreak Cyanophrys hartii
    Turner and Miller 1992
    Jamaica
    Jamaican Green Hairstreak Cyanophrys crethona
    (Hewitson 1873)
    Jamaica
    Clench's Hairstreak Chlorostrymon maesites
    (Herrich-Schaeffer 1864)
    Florida to Dominica Chlorostrymon maesites maesites (Herrich-Schaeffer 1864):
    Bahamas, Cuba, Jamaica, Puerto Rico and St. Vincent
    Silver-banded Hairstreak Chlorostrymon simaethis
    (Drury 1773)
    Texas to Argentina Chlorostrymon simaethis jago (Comstonck and Huntington 1943):
    Jamaica
    Yes
    Jackson's Blue Mountain Hairstreak Chlorostrymon orbis
    Johnson and Smith 1993
    Jamaica: Blue Mountains (collected in 1919)
    Shoumatoff's Hairstreak Nesiostrymon shoumatoffi
    (Comstock and Huntington 1943)
    Jamaica
    Yes
    Lantana-scrub Hairstreak Strymon bazochii
    (Godart 1822)
    Southern US to Brazil Nesiostrymon bazochii gundlachianus (Bates 1935):
    Cuba, Hispaniola, Jamaica
    Yes
    Tropical Gray Hairstreak Strymon martialis
    (Herrich-Schaeffer 1864)
    Florida, Bahamas, Cuba, Cayman Islands, Jamaica
    Drury's Hairstreak Strymon acis
    (Drury 1773)
    Florida through Lesser Antilles Strymon acis gossei (Comstock and Huntington 1943):
    Cayman Islands, Jamaica
    Hewitson's Hairstreak Strymon istapa
    (Fabricius 1793)
    Southern US to Brazil Strymon istapa cybira (Hewitson 1874):
    Bahamas, Cuba, Hispaniola, Cayman Islands, Jamaica
    Yes
    Disguised Hairstreak Strymon limenia
    (Hewitson 1868)
    West Indies
    Fulvous Hairstreak Electrostrymon angelia
    (Hewitson 1874)
    Bahamas to Virgin Isands Electrostrymon angelia pantoni (Comstock and Huntington 1943):
    Jamaica
    Pan's Hairstreak Electrostrymon pan
    (Drury 1773)
    Jamaica
    Yes
          Polyommatinae
    Cassius Blue Leptotes cassius
    (Cramer 1775)
    Florida to Argentina Leptotes cassius theonus (Lucas 1857):
    Bahamas and Greater Antilles
    Yes
    Miss Perkins' Blue Leptotes perkinsae
    Kaye 1931
    Jamaica
    Yes
    Hanno Blue Hemiargus ceraunus
    (Fabricius 1793)
    Southern US to Argentina Hemiargus ceraunus ceraunus (Fabricius 1793):
    Hispaniola, Jamaica
    Yes
    Jamaican Blue Cyclargus dominica
    (Möschler 1886)
    Jamaica
    Yes
    John and Tom's Blue Cyclargus shuturn Johnson and Bálint 1995
    Jamaica
    Pygmy Blue Brephidium exilis
    (Boisduval 1852)
    Southern US to northern So. America Brephidium exilis isophthalma (Herrich-Schäffer 1862):
    Bahamas, Cuba, Hispaniola, Jamaica
    Nymphalidae - Brush-footed Butterflies
          Libytheinae - Snout Butterflies
    Antillean Snout Butterfly Libytheana terena
    (Godart 1819)
    Hispaniola, Puerto Rico and Jamaica (one specimen in 1846)
          Danainae - Milkweeds and Monarchs
    Jaeger's anetia Anetia jaegeri
    (Ménétriés 1832)
    Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica: 2 specimens in BMNH from "Christiana [Manchester], Aug 21, 1960"; Vane-Wright et al. (1992)
    ?
    Jamaican Monarch Danaus cleophile
    (Godart 1819)
    Jamaica, Hispaniola & Puerto Rico
    Soldier Danaus eresimus
    (Cramer 1777)
    Southern US to Brazil and Peru, Greater Antilles Danaus eresimus tethys (Forbes 1944):
    Cuba, Haiti, Jamaica & Cayman Islands
    Queen Danaus gilippus
    (Cramer 1775)
    Southern US to Argentina, Caribbean Danaus gilippus jamaicensis (Bates 1864):
    Jamaica
    Yes
    Monarch Danaus plexippus
    (Linnaeus 1758)
    North America Danaus plexippus megalippe (Hübner 1826): nonmigratory subspecies, and is found from Florida and Georgia southwards, throughout the Caribbean and Central America to the Amazon River. Yes
    Tropical Milkweed Butterfly Lycorea halia
    (Hübner 1816)
    Mexico Peru and Caribbean Lycorea halia cleobaea (Godart 1819):
    Hispaniola, Puerto Rico, Jamaica: 2 records (1974, 1990) from xeric south coast (Van-Wright et al 1992).
    Jamaican Clearwing Greta diaphana
    (Drury 1779)
    Jamaica, Dominican Repupblic Greta diaphana diaphana (Drury 1773):
    Jamaica: Blue Mtns.
          Heliconiinae - Heliconias
    Zebra Heliconius charitonia
    (Linneaus 1767)
    Southern US to Venezuela & Peru Heliconius charitonia simulator Rṏber 1921:
    Jamaica
    Yes
    Julia Dryas iulia
    (Fabricius 1775)
    Southern US to Brazil & Bolivia Dryas iulia delila (Fabricius 1775):
    Jamaica
    Yes
    Gulf Fritillary Agraulis vanillae
    Linnaeus 1758
    US to Argentina Agraulis vanillae insularis Maynard 1889:
    Bahamas, Bermuda and Greater Antilles
    Yes
    Tropical Fritillary Euptoieta hegesia
    (Cramer 1779)
    Southern US to Argentina Euptoieta hegesia hegesia(Cramer 1779):
    Cuba, Jamaica
    Yes
    Variegated Fritillary Euptoieta claudia
    (Cramer 1779)
    Eastern US to Argentina Euptoieta claudia claudia (Cramer 1779):
    Jamaica, Cuba
         Limenitidinae - Admirals
    Jamaican Admiral Adelpha abyla
    Hewitson 1850
    Jamaica
    Yes
         Apaturinae - Reflecting butterflies
    Silver Emperor Doxocopa laure
    (Drury 1773)
    Mexico to Venezuela Doxocopa laure laura (Hübner 1823):
    chiefly in Cockpit Country
    Yes
         Biblidinae
    Antillean Calico (Cracker) Hamadryas amphichloe
    (Hübner 1823)
    Mexico to Brazil Hamadryas amphichloe diasia (Fruhstorfer 1916):
    Greater Antilles
    Jamaican Mestra Mestra dorcas
    (Fabricius 1775)
    Jamaica
    Yes
    Bronzewing Dynamine egaea
    (Fabricius 1775)
    Mexico to Colombia Dynamine egaea egaea (Fabricius 1775):
    Jamaica
    Yes
    Jamaican Lucinia Lucinia cadma
    (Drury 1773)
    Jamaica
    Yes
    Purple Eunica Eunica tatila
    Herrich-Schaeffer 1853
    Greater Antilles & Central America Eunica tatila tatilista Kaye 1926:
    Cuba, Hispaniola, Jamaica and Puerto Rico (1 record)
    Yes
    Dingy Eunica Eunica monima
    (Cramer 1782)
    Southern US to Venezuela
         Cyrestinae - Dagger Tails
    Many-banded Dagger Tail Marpesa chiron
    (Fabricius 1775)
    south U.S.A Hispaniola, Jamaica, Cuba, Mexico to Ecuador, Surinam Marpesa chiron chiron (Fabricius 1775):
    Cuba, Jamaica
    Antillean Dagger Tail Marpesa eleuchea
    (Hübner 1818)
    Greater Antilles (except Puerto Rico) Marpesa eleuchea pellenis (Godart 1819):
    Jamaica
    Yes
         Nymphalinae - Fritillaries
    Mosaic Colobura dirce
    Linnaeus 1758
    Mexico to Paraguay Colobura dirce wolcotti Comstock 1942:
    Jamaica
    Yes
    Cadmus Historis acheronta
    (Fabricius 1775)
    Mexico to Brazil Historis acheronta cadmus (Cramer 1775):
    Jamaica
    Yes
    Orion Historis odius
    (Fabricius 1775)
    Southern US to Argentina Historis odius odius (Fabricius 1775):
    Greater Antilles
    Yes
    Mimic Hypolimnas misippus
    (Linnaeus 1764)
    Old World tropics and subtropics, New World probably via slave trade
    Caribbean Buckeye Junonia (Precis) evarete
    (Cramer 1775)
    West Indies & South America Junonia evarete zonalis (Felder & Felder 1867):
    Bahamas, Cuba, Hispaniola, Caymans Islands, Jamaica
    Yes
    Mangrove Buckeye Junonia genoveva
    (Cramer 1780)
    Southern US to Argentina and Caribbean
    White Peacock Anartia jatrophae
    Johnson 1763
    Southern US to Argentina Anartia jatrophae jamaicensis (Möschler 1886):
    Jamaica
    Yes
    Malachite Siproeta stelenes
    (Linneus 1758)
    Southern US to Brazil Siproeta stelenes stelenes (Linneus 1758):
    Bahamas, Jamaica, Hispaniola, Puerto Rico, USVI & BVI
    Yes
    Jamaican Patch Atlantea pantoni
    Kaye 1906
    Jamaica
    Yes
    Pygmy Fritillary Antillea pelops
    (Drury 1773)
    West Indies Antillea pelops pygmaea Godart 1819:
    Jamaica
    Jamaican Pygmy Fritillary Antillea proclea
    (Doubleday and Hewitson 1847)
    Jamaica
    Yes
    Cuban Crescent Spot Anthanassa frisia
    (Poey 1832)
    Bahamas, Cuba, Hispaniola, Jamaica Anthanassa frisia frisia Hewitson 1864:
    Cuba, Jamaica
    Yes
    Red Admiral Vanessa atalanta
    (Linnaeus 1758)
    Global; only once in Jamaica (Blue Mtn Peak) in 1940
    Painted Lady Vabessa cardui
    (Linnaeus 1758)
    Global; probably migrant to Jamaica
    American Painted Lady Vanessa virginiensis
    (Drury 1770)
    Canada to Central America
    Yes
    Sword-tailed Tortoiseshell Hypanartia paullus
    (Fabricius 1793)
    Greater Antilles
    Yes
         Charaxinae
    Goatweed Butterfly Anaea troglodyta
    (Fabricius 1775)
    Southern US, Mexico, West Indies Anaea troglodyta portia (Fabricius 1775):
    Jamaica
    Yes
    Johnson's Goatweed Butterfly Fountainea johnsoni
    (Avinoff and Shoumatoff 1941)
    Jamaica Yes
         Satyrinae - Ringlets
    Jamaican Ringlet Calisto zangis
    (Fabricus 1775)
    Jamaica Yes
    Hesperiidae - Skippers
         Eudaminae
    Mangrove Skipper Phocides pigmalion
    (Cramer 1779)
    Southern US to Argentina Phocides pigmalion batobano Lucas 1857:
    Bahamas, Cuba, Cayman Islands, Jamaica (see Garraway and Bailey 2005)
    Miss Perkins' Skipper Phocides perkinsae
    (Kaye 1931)
    Jamaica
    Yes
    Mercurial Skipper Proteides mercurius
    (Fabricius 1787)
    Mexico to Argentina Proteides mercurius jamaicensis Skinner 1920:
    Jamaica
    Jamaican Silver-spotted Skipper Epargyreus antaeus
    (Hewitson 1867)
    Jamaica
    Yes
    Hammock Skipper Polygoneus leo
    (Gmelin 1790)
    Southern US to Argentina Polygoneus leo hagar Evans 1952:
    Jamaica
    Yes
    Jamaican Long-tail Skipper Chioides churchi
    Bell and Comstock 1948
    Jamaica
    Yes
    Aguna Skipper Aguna asander
    (Hewitson 1867)
    Mexico to Argentina Aguna asander jasper Evans 1952:
    Jamaica
    Yes
    Cramer's Tailless Skipper Astraptes talus
    (Cramer 1777)
    Mexico to Argentina; only one record for Jamaica in 1927
    Roy's Skipper Astraptes anaphus
    (Cramer 1777)
    Mexico to Argentina Astraptes anaphus anausis (Godman and Salvin 1896):
    Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola, Dominica, St. Vincent
    Butler's Jamaican Skipper Astraptes jaira
    (Butler 1870)
    Jamaica
    Yes
    Potrillo Skipper Cabares potrillo
    (Lucas 1857)
    Texas to Colombia Cabares potrillo potrillo (Lucas 1857):
    Cuba, Hispaniola, Jamaica
         Pyrginae
    Common Long-tail Skipper Urbanus proteus
    (Linnaeus 1758)
    US to Argentina
    Yes
    Skipper Urbanus teleus
    (Hübner 1821)
    Mexico to Argentina, Trinidad & Tobago;
    one record for Jamaica which is considered suspect (Brown & Heineman 1972; Riley 1975)

    Skipper Urbanus tanna
    Evans 1952
    Mexico to Ecuador, Trinidad & Tobago;
    one record for Jamaica which is considered suspect (Brown & Heineman 1972; Riley 1975)

    Skipper Urbanus albimargo
    Guatemala to Paraguay Urbanus albimargo takuta Evans 1952:
    one record for Jamaica which is considered suspect (Brown & Heineman 1972; Riley 1975)
    Trinidad White-banded Skipper Autochton neis
    (Geyer 1832)
    Mexico to southern Brazil;
    one record for Jamaica (1891) which is considered suspect (Brown & Heineman 1972; Riley 1975)

    Calchas Skipper Cogia calchas
    (Herrich-Schäffer 1869)
    Mexico to Argentina; said to have been collected once in Kingston, but record is suspect (Brown & Heineman 1972; Riley 1975)
    Bessus Skipper Nisoniades bessus bessus
    (Möschler 1876)
    Mexico to Argentina; one record from Jamaica of a single male, but recording of "Jamaica" on specimen tag is questioned by Brown & Heineman (1972)
    Velvet Skipper Antigonus nearchus
    (Latreille 1817)
    Mexico to Argentina; one specimen from Jamaica but Brown & Heineman (1972) question the record given that species has only been found on the mainland and Trinidad
    Jamaican Sicklewing Eantis mithridates
    (Fabricius 1793)
    Jamaica
    Yes
    Jamaican Banded Skipper Timochares runia
    Evans 1952
    Jamaica
    Yes
    Grais Skipper Grais juncta
    Evans 1953
    Jamaica Yes
    Dillon's Dusky Wing Anastrus sempiternus
    (Butler and Druce 1872)
    Mexico to Brazil Anastrus sempiternus dilloni Bell and Comstock 1948:
    Hispaniola, Jamaica
    Yes
    Common Dusky Wing Gesta gesta
    (Herrich-Schäffer 1863)
    Mexico to Argentina Gesta gesta gesta (Herrich-Schäffer 1863):
    Cuba, Hispaniola, Jamaica
    Geyer's Skipper Ouleus fridericus trina
    (Geyer 1832)
    Mexico to Argentina Ouleus fridericus trina Evans 1952:
    one specimen from Jamaica but Brown & Heineman (1972) question the record as O.f. trina is generally restricted to Trinidad
    Haitian Dusky Wing Ephyriades zephodes
    (Hübner 1825)
    Central America to Brazil; reported once from Jamaica but Brown & Heineman (1972) question the record
    Skipper Ephyriades arcas
    (Drury 1773)
    Central America to Brazil Ephyriades arcas philemon (Fabricius 1775):
    Mainland, Cuba, Jamaica, St. Thomas USVI: Jamaica subspecies needs confirmation (Brown & Heineman 1972)
    Jamaican Dusky Wing Ephyriades brunnea
    (Herrich-Schäffer 1869)
    Florida to Dominica Ephyriades brunnea jamaicensis (Möschler 1879):
    Jamaica
    Yes
    Common White Skipper Heliopetes arsalte
    (Linnaeus 1758)
    Mexico to Argentina; record for Jamaica remains unverified (Brown & Heineman 1972)
    Tropical Chequered Skipper Pyrgus oileus
    (Linnaeus 1767)
    Southern US to Argentina
    Yes
         Hesperiinae
    Schaus' Tawny Skipper Pyrrhocalles jamaicensis
    (Schaus 1902)
    Jamaica
    Yes
    Dolores Skipper Perichares philetes
    (Gmelin 1790; TL=Jamaica)
    American to southern Brazil
    Yes
    Opal Skipper Vettius fantasos
    (Stoll 1780)
    Mexico to Brazil;
    single male collected in Jamaica before 1849; Brown & Heineman (1972) question the museum labelelling

    Turner's Troy Skipper Troyus turneri
    (Warren and Turland 2012)
    Jamaica (genus endemic to Jamaica)
    Yes
    The Drab Synapte malitiosa
    (Herrich-Schäffer 1865)
    Mexico to Brazil
    Three Spot Skipper Cymaenes tripunctus
    (Herrich-Schäffer 1865)
    Southern US to Brazil
    Yes
    Banded Skipper Rhinthon cubana
    (Herrich-Schäffer 1865)
    Mexico to Ecuador Rhinthon cubana cubana (Herrich-Schäffer 1865):
    Cuba, Jamaica
    Yes
    Jamaican Broken-dash Skipper Wallengrenia vesuria
    (Plōtz 1882)
    Jamaica Yes
    Fiery Skipper Hylephila phyleus
    (Drury 1773)
    Canada to Argentina
    Yes
    Miss Perkins' Branded Skipper Choranthus lilliae
    Bell 1931
    Jamaica
    Yes
    Butler's Branded Skipper Euphyes singularis
    (Herrich-Schäffer 1865)
    Greater Antilles Euphyes singularis insolata Butler 1878:
    Jamaica
    Yes
    Canna Skipper Calpodes ethlius
    (Stoll 1782)
    Southern US to Argentina
    Sugar Cane Skipper Panoquina sylvicola
    (Herrich-Schäffer 1865)
    Southern US to Argentina Panoquina sylvicola woodruffi Watson 1937:
    Jamaica
    Yes
    Hewitson's White-barred Skipper Panoquina fusina
    (Hewitson 1877)
    Texas to southern Brazil Panoquina fusina jumbo Evans 1955:
    Jamaica (but Brown & Heineman 1972 and Riley 1975 question the record)
    Ocola Skipper Panoquina ocola
    (Edwards 1863)
    Southern US to Argentina
    Yes
    Obsure Skipper Panoquina panoquinoides
    (Skinner 1892)
    Southern US to Brazil
    Nyctelius Skipper Nyctelius nyctelius
    (Latreille 1824)
    Central America to Brazil
    Yes
    Eufala Skipper Lerodea eufala
    (Edwards 1869)
    Southern US to Argentina
    Hedylidae - Moth-like Butterflies
    Macrosoma rubedinaria
    Walker 1862
    Mexico and Central America to Amazonia; Cuba; Jamaica; Trinidad
    Macrosoma stabilinota
    Prout 1932
    Honduras to northern Amazonia; Jamaica (? - see Barnes).



    REFERENCES
    Brown, F.M and B. Heineman. 1972. Jamaica and its Butterflies. E.W. Classey, Ltd., London, UK.

    Garraway, E. and A. Bailey. 2005. Butterflies of Jamaica. Macmillan Publishers, Ltd, Oxford, UK.

    Johnson, K. & D.S. Smith, 1993. A remarkable new butterfly species from Jamaica (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae), with notes on Jamaican endemics and their sister species. Reports of the Museum of Natural History, University of Wisconsin (Stevens Point) 24: 1-14.

    Lewis, Delano St.A. 2009. "Lime Swallowtail, Chequered Swallowtail, Citrus Swallowtail Papilio demoleus Linnaeus (Insecta: Lipidoptera: Papilionidae)" (PDF). University of Florida (IFAS Extension). Retrieved 26 November 2010.

    Lewis, D. St.A. 2010. Phylogeny and revision of the genus Heraclides Hübner, 1819 (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae: Papilioninae: Papilionini). University of Florida, Doctoral disseration.

    Lewis D.S., F.A.H. Sperling, S. Nakahara, A.M. Cotton, A.Y. Kawahara and F.L. Condamine. 2014. Role of Caribbean Islands in the diversification and biogeography of Neotropical Heraclides swallowtails. Cladistics. doi: 10.1111/cla.12092

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    Shiraiwa, K., Q. Cong and N.V. Grishin. 2014. A new Heraclides swallowtail (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae) from North America is recognized by the pattern on its neck. ZooKeys 468: 85-135. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.468.8565

    Turland, V.A., A.D. Warren, and D.S. Lewis. 2012. A new genus and species of Moncini from Jamaica, West Indies (Lepidoptera, Hesperiidae, Hesperiinae). Tropical Lepidoptera Research 22:66-73.

    Van-Wright, R.I.; Ackery, P.R.; Turner, T. (1992). Anetia Jaegeri, Danaus Cleophile and Lycoriea cleobaea from Jamaica (Nymphalide: Danaine). Journal of the Lepidopterist's Society. 46 (4): 273–279.

    Wahlberg, N., C.W. Wheat and C. Peña. 2013. Timing and Patterns in the Taxonomic Diversification of Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths). PLoS ONE 8(11): e80875. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0080875


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